What does a Pathologist do?

Diagnose presence and stage of diseases using laboratory techniques and patient specimens. Study the nature, cause, and development of diseases. May perform autopsies.

Jobs Roles

  • Testify in depositions or trials as an expert witness.
  • Review cases by analyzing autopsies, laboratory findings, or case investigation reports.
  • Manage medical laboratories.
  • Read current literature, talk with colleagues, or participate in professional organizations or conferences to keep abreast of developments in pathology.
  • Develop or adopt new tests or instruments to improve diagnosis of diseases.
  • Educate physicians, students, and other personnel in medical laboratory professions such as medical technology, cytotechnology, and histotechnology.
  • Conduct research and present scientific findings.
  • Perform autopsies to determine causes of deaths.
  • Plan and supervise the work of the pathology staff, residents or visiting pathologists.
  • Obtain specimens by performing procedures such as biopsies and fine need aspirations (FNAs) of superficial nodules.
  • Identify the etiology, pathogenesis, morphological change, and clinical significance of diseases.
  • Diagnose infections, such as Hepatitis B and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS), by conducting tests to detect the antibodies that patients' immune systems make to fight such infections.
  • Conduct genetic analyses of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) or chromosomes to diagnose small biopsies and cell samples.
  • Write pathology reports summarizing analyses, results, and conclusions.
  • Analyze and interpret results from tests such as microbial or parasite tests, urine analyses, hormonal assays, fine needle aspirations (FNAs), and polymerase chain reactions (PCRs).
  • Communicate pathologic findings to surgeons or other physicians.
  • Consult with physicians about ordering and interpreting tests or providing treatments.
  • Examine microscopic samples to identify diseases or other abnormalities.
  • Diagnose diseases or study medical conditions using techniques such as gross pathology, histology, cytology, cytopathology, clinical chemistry, immunology, flow cytometry, and molecular biology.
, Anywhere 4 decades ago
, Anywhere 4 decades ago
, Anywhere 4 decades ago
, Anywhere 4 decades ago
, Anywhere 4 decades ago
, Anywhere 4 decades ago
, Anywhere 4 decades ago
, Anywhere 4 decades ago


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